Atkins has played a major role in the 15-year water mains replacement and rehabilitation programme for the Water Supplies Department of HKSAR. The programme includes replacing and rehabilitating (R&R) some thousands of kilometres of both fresh and salt water mains to minimise leakage and prevent further deterioration of the water supply networks. Atkins initially undertook the Asset Management Study for WSD in the late 1990s which led to the development of the R&R programme, and since that time have had a major role in the investigation, design and construction supervision of over 560km of water mains throughout Hong Kong, including:
- Stage 1 Phase 1 Kowloon (2000-2008), comprising about 160km of water mains located in the densely populated urban areas in New Territories South and Kowloon
- Stage 1 Phase 2 Hong Kong & Islands (2004-2010), comprising replacement and rehabilitation of about 66km of water mains on Hong Kong Island
- Stage 3 Kowloon (2006-2013), comprising another 340km of water mains in Kowloon.